Medical Care

Inmates receive essential medical, dental, and mental health services.

A BOP employee administering care to a federal inmate.

The Bureau's professional staff provides essential medical, dental, and mental health (psychiatric) services in a manner consistent with accepted community standards for a correctional environment. The Bureau uses licensed and credentialed health care providers in its ambulatory care units, which are supported by community consultants and specialists. For inmates with chronic or acute medical conditions, the Bureau operates several medical referral centers providing advanced care.

Health promotion is emphasized through counseling provided during examinations, education about the effects of medications, infectious disease prevention and education, and chronic care clinics for conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. The Bureau promotes environmental health for staff and inmates alike through its emphasis on a clean-air environment and the maintenance of safe conditions in inmate living and work areas. The Bureauís food service program emphasizes heart-healthy diets, nutrition education, and dietary counseling in conjunction with certain medical treatment.

Health Services departments at all eligible BOP institutions are accredited by the Joint Commission, except Care Level 1 facilities, which are excluded because they serve healthy inmates.

If you have concerns or questions regarding accreditation, the Joint Commission may be reached* at:

The Joint Commission
One Renaissance Boulevard
Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181

* Please note that the Joint Commission will not be able to assist you with specific BOP inmate medical or health questions. If you have a specific medical question about an inmate, you are encouraged to contact the institution where he/she is currently located for further assistance.

Learn how we address specific health care topics
(Includes Clinical Practice Guidelines, Reports, and Pandemic Influenza Plan)

Review BOP Health Management Resources