The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is carefully monitoring the spread of the COVID-19 virus. As with any type of emergency situation, we carefully assess how to best ensure the safety of staff, inmates and the public.
BOP's Emergency Response
Every institution is like a small city and to cope with major emergencies or other significant interruptions of normal operations, they each have continuity of operations (COOP) plans that provide guidance to staff.
BOP's COVID-19 Response
The BOP's COVID planning is structured using the Incident Command System (ICS) framework and guidance and directives from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), DOJ and federal partners, as well as the agency's Pandemic Influenza Plan.
BOP's COVID-19 Collaboration Efforts
BOP PHS Officers were deployed for national travel-related screening at airports and NIC is sharing BOP-related guidance with state and local corrections.
The primary lane of information for the public regarding Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a portal for public information published by the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Task Force at the White House, working in conjunction with CDC, HHS and other agency stakeholders.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has established a resource portal on CDC.gov with the latest information from CDC and the overarching medical community on COVID-19.
Modified Operational Levels
Institution operational levels (Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3) are based on the facilities' COVID-19 medical isolation rate, combined percentage of staff and inmate completed vaccinations series, and their respective county transmission rates. At each level, an infection prevention procedure or modification to operations such as inmate programming and services may be made to mitigate the risk and spread of COVID-19 in accordance with BOP pandemic guidance. BOP pandemic guidance follows and integrates guidance and direction from CDC, OSHA, DOJ, and established medical best practices.
About the Data
Data, including the medical isolation rate, facility vaccination rate, and community transmission rate, is collected from the facilities and other data sources daily, and is calculated at 4:00pm EST. Calculations are performed by the Health Services Administrator and other staff, who change the levels up or down after 48 hours of respective sustained increases or decreases. If a change is warranted, operations will be modified by 8:00am (local time) the next day and the public will be notified through the Bureau's public website: bop.gov. Learn more about how the levels are determined, and how daily operations are affected, by visiting the BOP COVID-19 Operational Levels page. The current operational levels for all Bureau facilities are listed below.
COVID-19 Vaccine Implementation
The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Federal Government's COVID-19 Vaccine/Therapeutics Operation (formerly known as Operation Warp Speed), to ensure the BOP remains prepared to receive the COVID-19 vaccine as it is becomes available. The BOP has received --- doses and administered --- doses of the COVID-19 vaccine.
About the Data
BOP is committed to making the vaccine available to all staff and inmates who wish to receive it as quickly as possible. When an institution receives an allocation of the vaccine, it is first offered to full-time staff at that location, given that staff - who come and go between the facility and the community - present a higher potential vector for COVID-19 transmission. Vaccinating staff protects fellow staff, inmates at the facility, and the community. Remaining doses at each location are then provided to inmates based on priority of need in accordance with CDC guidelines. The Total Doses Administered will often be greater than the Total Doses Distributed. This is because vials of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine officially contain at least 5 doses but typically contain 6 doses. Use of this sixth dose if present is authorized by the FDA. Information related to the application of the vaccine can be found in the BOP's COVID-19 Vaccine Clinical Guidance.
The information in this area of the resource page is updated each weekday at 3:00pm EDT. It is compiled from a variety of sources and reviewed by BOP Health Services staff before documented for reporting. The locations in the table below have received allocations of the vaccine. The numbers in the table only reflect staff and inmates that have completed both doses (fully inoculated). Staff who received their vaccination in the community rather than a BOP facility are not reflected in the numbers below. As BOP is allocated additional shipments of the vaccine, it will be offered to additional locations and to additional staff and inmates at those locations.
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Due to the rapidly evolving nature of this public health crisis, the BOP will update the open COVID-19 confirmed positive test numbers, recoveries, and the number of COVID-19 related deaths each weekday at 3:00 p.m. The positive test numbers are based on the most recently available confirmed lab results involving open cases from across the agency as reported by the BOP's Office of Occupational Health and Safety at 11:00 a.m. each day. BOP field sites may report additional updates throughout the day. Data is subject to change based on additional reporting.
The BOP has begun additional testing of asymptomatic inmates to assist in slowing transmissions within a correctional setting. As such, our data reflects an increase in the number of COVID-19 positive tests reflected in the table below. The BOP is able to better utilize this information for the management of an outbreak at the relevant, affected facility.
The inmate totals listed do not include inmates participating in the Federal Location Monitoring program, inmates supervised under the USPO, or being held in privately-managed prisons or state facilities/jails. Additionally, the reference to the FCI Butner Low below refers to an isolation unit that is physically separated from the rest of the LSCI. References to RRCs include both individuals housed at the RRC and individuals on home confinement under the RRC's supervision.
COVID-19 Inmate Test Information
About the Data
These data are compiled from a variety of sources and reviewed by BOP Health Services staff before documented for reporting. Not all tests are conducted by and/or reported to BOP. The number of positive tests at a facility is not equal to the number of cases, as one person may be tested more than once. The number of tests recorded per site reflects the number of persons at the specific facility who have been tested, whether at that site or at a prior facility.
COVID-19 Home Confinement Information
Given the surge in positive cases at select sites and in response to the Attorney General Barr's directives, the BOP began immediately reviewing all inmates who have COVID-19 risk factors, as described by the CDC, to determine which inmates are suitable for home confinement. Since the release of the Attorney General's original memo to the Bureau of Prisons on March 26, 2020 instructing us to prioritize home confinement as an appropriate response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the BOP has significantly increased its placement of offenders on home confinement. Currently, the BOP has --- inmates on home confinement. The total number of inmates placed in home confinement from March 26, 2020 to the present (including inmates who have completed service of their sentence) is ---.
- Correcting Myths and Misinformation About the BOP and COVID-19
- COVID-19 Visitor/Volunteer/Contractor Screening Tool
- COVID-19 Inmate Screening Tool
- COVID-19 Staff Screening Tool
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) Precautions/Modified Operations for Residential Reentry Centers.
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) Religious Accommodations
- Coronavirus(COVID-19) Resumption of Normal RRC Operations
Privately-managed prisons are secure institutions operated by private companies under contract and oversight of the BOP. The majority of federal inmates in private prisons are sentenced criminal aliens who will be deported upon completion of their sentence. Unlike federal inmates housed in BOP facilities, the contractor is responsible for the medical care and the costs associated with providing those services.
All inmates are being appropriately treated and isolated per CDC guidelines.